Quarterly report pursuant to sections 13 or 15(d)

1. The Company and Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

1. The Company and Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2013
Notes to Financial Statements  
Organization and Nature of Business

Genius Brands International, Inc. (“we”, “us”, “our” or the “Company”), f/k/a Pacific Entertainment Corporation, creates and distributes music-based products which we believe are entertaining, educational and beneficial to the well-being of infants and young children under our brands, including Baby Genius. We create, market and sell children’s videos, music, books and other products in the United States by distribution at wholesale to retail stores and distributors, direct to consumers through various “deal for a day” sites and through digital platforms using intellectual property developed and owned by us. We license the use of our intellectual property, both domestically and internationally, to others to manufacture, market and sell products based on our characters and brand, whereby we receive advances and royalties. The Company also obtains rights to the content of other studios for distribution through our warehouse facility to our customers, for which we either pay royalty fees or earn distribution fees. We have licensing agreements with other companies under which we produce music-based products using their characters and brands and for which we pay a royalty.


The Company commenced operations in January 2006, assuming all of the rights and obligations of its Chief Executive Officer, Klaus Moeller, under an Asset Purchase Agreement between the Company and Genius Products, Inc., in which we obtained all rights, copyrights, and trademarks to the brands “Baby Genius,” “Little Genius,” “Kid Genius,” “123 Favorite Music” and “Wee Worship,” and all then existing productions under those titles. On October 17, 2011 and October 18, 2011, Genius Brands International, Inc., filed Articles of Merger with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada and with the Secretary of State of the State of California, respectively. As previously described on the Company’s Schedule 14C Information Statement, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 21, 2011, by filing the Articles of Merger, the Company (i) changed its domicile to Nevada from California, and (ii) changed its name to Genius Brands International, Inc. from Pacific Entertainment Corporation (the “Reincorporation”). Pursuant to the Articles of Merger, Pacific Entertainment Corporation, a California corporation, merged into Genius Brands International, Inc., a Nevada corporation that, prior to the Reincorporation, was the wholly owned subsidiary of Pacific Entertainment Corporation. Genius Brands International, the Nevada corporation, is the surviving corporation. In connection with the Reincorporation, on October 12, 2011, the Company filed an Issuer Company-Related Action Notification Form with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) and on November 29, 2011 our trading symbol changed from “PENT” to “GNUS”. 


On January 11, 2011, the Company signed a five-year, world-wide license agreement with Tollytots® for a new toy line to be distributed world-wide. As a result of the agreement, Tollytots® immediately began development on a comprehensive line of musical and early learning toys, incorporating the music, characters and themes associated with our Baby Genius series of videos and music CDs. The toy line covers a broad range of exclusive categories including learning and developmental toys, most plush toys, and musical toys which Tollytots® has the sole right to manufacture, market and distribute on a world-wide basis.  It also allows Tollytots® a non-exclusive right to manufacture, market and distribute products in several non-exclusive categories, including board games, puzzles, electronic learning aids and amusement plush toys, where we may already have other licenses who produce similar products or may grant licenses for such products to new parties in addition to Tollytots®.  We have received recoupable advances and will receive quarterly royalty payments in excess of the advances, if applicable, from sales of products developed under the agreement by Tollytots®.  The Company will have rights to sell product developed under the license agreement directly via its website subject to availability of inventory from Tollytots®.  The agreement provides for certain guaranteed minimum payments to the Company for each contract year.  The agreement is subject to early termination by the Company in specified territories in the event minimum sales requirements in those territories have not been met in any contract year. Currently, Tollytots® has several toys developed for the line, including musical and early learning toys, and the toys were available for retail sales beginning in the third quarter of 2012. The new toy line has not produce additional royalty revenue subsequent to its launch at retail in the third quarter of 2012 in excess of the guaranteed minimum payments and there is no guarantee that it will produce additional revenue in the future.


The Company also obtains licenses for other select brands we feel we can market and sell through our distribution channels.   


On September 20, 2010, the Company entered into a joint venture agreement with Dr. Shulamit Ritblatt to form Circle of Education, LLC (“COE”), a California limited liability company, for the purpose of creation and distribution of a curriculum to promote school readiness for children ages 2-5 years.  The Company actively participated in a research study into the use of music-based curriculum through a major university for three years based on certain unregistered copyrights and trademarks, confidential information, designs, ideas, discoveries, inventions, processes, research results and work product it had developed. In March 2012, the Company and Dr. Ritblatt agreed to terminate the joint venture agreement. COE transferred equal right of ownership in the intellectual property developed as of the date of termination (“IP”) to each of the Company and Dr. Ritblatt, and in exchange for the rights to the IP, Dr. Ritblatt transferred her units of COE to the Company. Each party will have the right to continue development of the IP and products based on the IP with no further obligation to the other party. Subject to certain limitations for specific channels of distribution reserved for each party for a period of twelve months from the execution of the agreements, both parties have non-exclusive and non-restrictive rights to the use, sublicense or sale of the IP and products created based on the IP.


The Company has developed the Ready!Play!Learn!™ program based partially on the intellectual property discussed above, which we anticipate will be available for distribution in the second quarter of 2013. The program includes a curriculum book and music aimed at parents and caregivers of preschool aged children to assist them in preparing their children for kindergarten.


In 2012, the Company began development of an application based on our content and characters. The initial application includes digital video and music delivery, with games and puzzles based on our characters, which is scheduled to be available in the second quarter of 2013. Future enhancements include a variety of tools, including lesson plans, curriculum and songs designed to assist parents teach academic subjects and socialization skills to their children ages 2-5 years in preparation for attending kindergarten.


The Company launched a line of classic movies and television programs, “Pacific Entertainment Presents”.  Initially consisting of seven titles, each focusing on a specific genre such as Horror, Western, SciFi, Action, Mystery, War, and Gangster, an additional six titles were added in late 2010 expanding the line with the Super Hero’s collection as well as Family Favorites. During 2011, the Company also signed distribution agreements with five studios whereby we sell their existing products through our channels of distribution. The agreements range in length from three to five years.


The Company’s Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.  These require the use of estimates and assumptions that affect the assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses reported in the financial statements, as well as amounts included in the notes thereto, including discussion and disclosure of contingent liabilities.  Although the Company uses its best estimates and judgments, actual results could differ from these estimates as future confirming events occur.


Historically, the Company has incurred net losses.  As of March 31, 2013, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $11,153,889 and a total stockholders’ deficit of $1,092,829.  At March 31, 2013, the Company had current assets of $1,192,571, including cash of $179,835, and current liabilities of $2,305,374, resulting in a working capital deficit of $1,112,803.  For the three months ended March 31, 2013, the Company reported a net loss of $945,865 and net cash used by operating activities of $226,163.  Management believes that its increasing sales, cash provided by operations, together with funds available from deferred officers’ salaries and short term financing, will be sufficient to fund planned operations for the next twelve months.  However, there can be no assurance that operations and operating cash flows will continue at the current levels or improve in the near future.  If the Company is unable to obtain profitable operations and positive operating cash flows sufficient to meet scheduled debt obligations, it may need to seek additional funding or be forced to scale back its development plans or to significantly reduce or terminate operations.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods.

Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments with initial maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognized revenue related to product sales when (i) the seller’s price is substantially fixed, (ii) shipment has occurred causing the buyer to be obligated to pay for product, (iii) the buyer has economic substance apart from the seller, and (iv) there is no significant obligation for future performance to directly bring about the resale of the product by the buyer as required by FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 605 - Revenue Recognition.


Revenues associated with the sale of products, are recorded when shipped to customers pursuant to approved customer purchase orders resulting in the transfer of title and risk of loss.  Cost of sales, rebates and discounts are recorded at the time of revenue recognition or at each financial reporting date.


The Company’s licensing and royalty revenue represent variable payments based on net sales from brand licensees for content distribution rights.  These license agreements are held in conjunction with third parties that are responsible for collecting fees due and remitting to the Company its share after expenses. Revenue from licensed products is recognized when realized or realizable based on royalty reporting received from licensees.

Shipping and Handling

The Company records shipping and handling expenses in the period in which they are incurred and are included in the Cost of Goods Sold.


Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (average) or market and consist of finished goods such as DVDs, CDs and other products.  A reserve for slow-moving and obsolete inventory is established for all inventory deemed potentially non-saleable by management in the period in which it is determined to be potentially non-saleable. The current inventory is considered properly valued and saleable.  The Company concluded that there was an appropriate reserve for slow moving and obsolete inventory of $60,474 and $57,305 established as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Depreciation on property and equipment is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, which range from 5 to 39 years. Maintenance, repairs, and renewals, which neither materially add to the value of the assets nor appreciably prolong their lives, are charged to expense as incurred. Gains and losses from dispositions of property and equipment are reflected in the statement of operations.

Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets acquired, either individually or with a group of other assets, are initially recognized and measured based on fair value.  In the acquisition of the assets from Genius Products, fair value was calculated using a discounted cash flow analysis of the revenue streams for the estimated life of the assets.


The Company develops new video, music, books and digital applications, in addition to adding content, improved animation and songs/features to their existing productions.  The costs of new product development and significant improvement to existing products are capitalized while routine and periodic alterations to existing products are expensed as incurred.  The Company begins amortization of new products when it is available for general release.  Annual amortization cost of intangible assets are computed based on the straight-line method over the remaining economic life of the product, generally such deferred costs are amortized over five years.


The Company reviews all intangible assets periodically to determine if the value has been impaired by recent financial transactions using the discounted cash flow analysis of revenue stream for the estimated life of the assets.

Stock Based Compensation

As required ASC 718 - Stock Compensation, the Company recognizes an expense related to the fair value of our stock-compensation awards, including stock options, using the Black-Scholes calculation as of the date of grant.

Advertising Costs

The Company’s marketing and sales costs are primarily related to advertising, trade shows, public relation fees and production and distribution of collateral materials.  In accordance with ASC 720 regarding Advertising Costs, the Company expenses advertising costs in the period in which the expense is incurred.  Marketing and Sales costs incurred by licensees are borne fully by the licensee and are not the responsibility of the Company.  Advertising expense for the three months ended March 31, 201 and March 31, 2012 was $13,500 and $16,560, respectively.

Allowance for Sales Returns

An Allowance for Sales Returns is estimated based on average sales during the previous year.  Based on experience, sales growth, and our customer base, the Company concluded that the allowance for sales returns at March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 should be $43,000 and $53,000, respectively.

Fair value of financial instruments

The carrying amounts of cash, receivables and accrued liabilities approximate fair value due to the short-term maturity of the instruments.